WHY MUST VEGETABLES BE IN MY DIETARY MENU?
Natural foods are source of vitamins that are required by humans. It has been reported that vegetables contains numerous vitamins such as beta carotene, ascorbic acid, riboflavin, folic acid as well as minerals like iron, calcium, phosphorus and others.
Vegetables are known to be important sources of protective foods. Vegetables have also been reported to be good sources of oil, carbohydrates, minerals as well as vitamins. Vegetable fats and oils are known to lower blood lipids thereby reducing the occurrences of diseases associated with the damage of the coronary artery.
These vegetables however contain anti-nutritional factors that can affect the availability of the nutrients. Anti-nutritional factor is known to interfere with metabolic processes such that growth and bioavailability of nutrients are negatively influenced.
Vegetables are included among the basic and nutritious food for human beings. Vegetables are important protective food and highly beneficial for the maintenance of health and prevention of diseases. They contain valuable food ingredients which are essential for the proper function of the body. Vegetable contain various medicinal and therapeutic agent and are valued mainly for their high vitamin and mineral content.
The inner tissues of healthy plants and animals are free of microorganisms, however, the surfaces of raw vegetables are contaminated with a variety of microorganisms and this depends on the microbial population of the environment from which the food was taken, the condition of the raw product, the method of handling, the time and conditions of storage.
Fluted pumpkin has haematinic properties with high levels of protein and iron, hence extracts from the leaves can be used to boost blood for anaemia patients.
The protein in fluted pumpkin leaves also helps in the improvement and maintenance of the body tissues which includes the connective tissues, muscles and the nervous systems.
Fluted pumpkin leaves contain the amount of protein needed for hormone balancing; tissue repairs and regulates the acidities of body cells and organs.
The plant contains high amounts of phosphorus making it useful for keeping off onset of kidney diseases like kidney stone. It consists of seed part that has high oil content, high amounts of characterized of resulted in anti- oxidative properties such as oleic acid, vitamin A, alkaloids, tannins and linoleic acid which makes it capable of treating infertility in males by boosting the functionality of the testicles for an increased sperm count. Pumpkin seed has been highly recommended for nursing, lactating and mothers due to its lactating properties.
BY AKUBUO CHIGAEMEZU